With 60% more lipids and twice the concentration of sugars compared to Robusta, Arabica is a much more flavorful and aromatic coffee. However, it is also milder, thinner and relatively more acerbic. More than 70% of the coffee grown in the world is Arabica. It is less robust than Robusta, tolerates cold weather but not frost, loves sunshine but not too much of it, and should be carefully tended to, as it has a propensity to over produce and exhaust itself, resulting in poor yields in succeeding years.

Arabica grows best in elevations between 600 m to 2200 m altitude, however plantations have successfully grown it in relatively higher and lower elevations. It is a self-pollinating plant; nevertheless, cross pollination helps increase both the quantity and quality of the yield.